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Fact Sheets

  • Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy -- Child

    Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a form of cardiomyopathy . This is a condition in which the heart muscle thickens due to genetic problems with the muscle’s structure. As the muscle thickens, it must work harder to pump blood. This strains the heart muscle. Sometimes, the thickened muscle gets in the way of the blood leaving the heart and causes a blockage. This blockage can cause a nearby valve to become leaky. HCM can cause uneven muscle growth. This can cause the heart to pump in a disorganized way. Rarely, it can cause abnormal heart rhythms that can be fatal.

  • Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy -- Adult

    Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a form of cardiomyopathy. This is a condition in which the heart muscle thickens due to genetic problems with the muscle’s structure. As the muscle thickens, it must work harder to pump blood, which strains the heart muscle. Sometimes, the thickened muscle gets in the way of the blood leaving the heart and causes a blockage. This blockage can cause the nearby heart valve, called the mitral valve, to become leaky. HCM can cause uneven muscle growth which can cause the heart to pump in a disorganized way. Rarely, it can cause abnormal heart rhythms that can even be fatal. There are two types of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy:

  • Cardiomyopathy

    Cardiomyopathy is a type of heart disease. The damaged heart does not pump blood correctly. The disease usually progresses, and people develop life-threatening heart failure. People with cardiomyopathy are also more likely to have irregular heartbeats or arrhythmias . There are two categories of cardiomyopathy: ischemic and non-ischemic. Ischemic cardiomyopathy is most common. It occurs when the heart is damaged from heart attacks due to coronary artery disease . Non-ischemic cardiomyopathy is less common. It includes types of cardiomyopathy that are not related to coronary artery disease. There are three main types of non-ischemic cardiomyopathy:

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