Lung cancer is a disease in which cancer cells grow in the lungs. The most common type of lung cancer include: Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths in the US for both men and women.
Interstitial Lung Disease
Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is a group of disorders that leads to scarring, called fibrosis, in the lung tissue. It affects the space around the small air sacs of the lung. All ILD disorders affect this particular area of the lung. However, the progression of diseases and the other parts of the lungs that may be affected are unique to each disorder.
Transient Tachypnea of Newborn
Transient tachypnea is a very fast breathing rate. It happens in newborns that have too much fluid in their lungs. The fluid limits the amount of oxygen these newborns pull into their lungs. As a result, the baby needs to breathe at a faster rate to get enough oxygen. Babies born with this condition usually recover within 3 days of birth. Transient tachypnea can be easily treated but will need care from a doctor.
Asbestos is the name of a group of minerals that are made up of bundles of tiny fibers composed of hydrated magnesium silicates. It is mined from the ground. Asbestos has been widely used in building and manufacturing industries because it is not affected by heat or chemicals. Asbestosis is a lung condition caused by breathing in asbestos fibers. Usually, when particles in the air are breathed in, they are filtered out by the nose or the upper airways of the lungs. But asbestos particles are very thin and light, and sometimes are not filtered out before they reach the lungs. After years of exposure, asbestos can damage lung tissue and is responsible for causing several serious diseases, including cancer. Mesothelioma is a specific type of cancer that is caused by inhaling asbestos particles.
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a lung disease that gets worse over time. It will become hard to move air in and out of the lungs. Forms of COPD includes: These diseases often happen together. The causes and treatment are alike.
Atelectasis is a collapse of the air sacs in the lungs called alveoli. It may occur in a portion of the lung, or in the entire lung. Normally, oxygen enters the body through the lungs and is exchanged with carbon dioxide in the alveoli. The lungs expand and contract to create the exchange of these gases. Atelectasis is not a disease, but a condition or sign that results from disease or abnormalities in the lungs.
The pleura are two thin, moist membranes around the lungs. They let your lungs expand and contract. The inner layer is attached to the lungs. The outer layer is attached to the ribs. Pleural effusion is a buildup of extra fluid in the space between the pleura. This can make it hard for the lungs to open all the way. This can make it hard to breathe.
Pneumonia is an infection deep in the small airways and air sacs of the lungs. The infection will make the air sacs swell and fill with fluid or pus. This causes intense coughing and can make it difficult to breathe. Types of pneumonia include: This article will focus on community-acquired pneumonia.
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