Fact Sheets

  • Colon Perforation

    Colon perforation is a hole in the wall of the colon. The colon is the end of the intestines also known as the large intestine. A perforation may be a puncture, cut, or tear. The opening allows air and intestinal material to leak into the abdominal cavity. The material can lead to a serious infection.

  • Angiodysplasia of the Colon

    Angiodysplasia of the colon occurs when blood vessels in the colon (large intestine) enlarge. They may become fragile and result in occasional bleeding in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract.

  • Colon Polyps

    Colon polyps are growths on the lining of the colon or rectum. The colon and the rectum are parts of the large intestine, which are parts of the digestive system. The 2 most common kinds of polyps are:

  • Colon Cancer

    Colon cancer is the growth of cancer in the large intestine. The large intestine, or colon, absorbs water and nutrients from foods. After, the colon passes the solid waste to the rectum for storage, before it is eliminated from the body.

  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome

    Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a chronic disorder of the intestines. IBS does not cause inflammation and does not lead to a more serious condition.

  • Ileus

    Ileus is a type of nonmechanical bowel obstruction. It results when peristalsis stops. Peristalsis is the wavelike contractions that push contents through the digestive system.

  • Hirschsprung's Disease

    Hirschsprung's disease is an area of the colon (large intestine) that has stopped working properly. The colon is not able to push stool through as it should, which can lead to a partial or full blockage. This can lead to serious infections and damage to the colon.

  • Diverticulitis

    A pouch that forms in the wall of the large intestine is called a diverticulum. When this pouch becomes infected or swollen, it is called diverticulitis.