Colon perforation is a hole in the wall of the colon. The colon is the end of the intestines also known as the large intestine. A perforation may be a puncture, cut, or tear. The opening allows air and intestinal material to leak into the abdominal cavity. The material can lead to a serious infection.
Angiodysplasia of the Colon
Angiodysplasia of the colon occurs when blood vessels in the colon (large intestine) enlarge. They may become fragile and result in occasional bleeding in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract.
Colon polyps are growths on the lining of the colon or rectum. The colon and the rectum are parts of the large intestine. The 2 most common types are:
Colon cancer is cancer that starts in colon (or large intestine). The colon absorbs water and nutrients from foods. Then it passes solid waste to the rectum for storage. It stays there until it’s eliminated from the body.
Irritable Bowel Syndrome
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a chronic disorder of the intestines. IBS does not cause inflammation and does not lead to a more serious condition.
Ileus is a type of bowel obstruction. It happens when wavelike contractions stop. This is called peristalsis. Peristalsis pushes material along the digestive pathway.
Hirschsprung disease (HD) is an area of the colon (large intestine) that has stopped working the right way. It isn’t able to push stool through as it should, which can lead to a partial or full blockage. This can lead to serious infections and harm to the colon.
Small pouches can form in the wall of the large intestine. Diverticulitis is an infection or swelling in this pouch.
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